技术创新助力改进建筑设计流程

建筑始于构想。作为建筑师,您要为草图、效果图和模型赋予生命,给予它们形态和功能,最终将构想转化为三维实景。


随着当今技术的进步,您现在可以访问多种工具,让您的建筑设计流程更上一层楼。


下文介绍了如何借助这些技术创新改进建筑设计流程的五个主要阶段。


建筑设计的五个阶段

第 1 阶段:预设计
启动阶段也称为策划或主规划阶段。在该阶段中,您将和客户进行初步讨论,大致了解项目,也可能前往项目现场进行详细分析。你们将讨论地块的现状、现有建筑物,以及客户对新建筑的期望。


技术可以带来哪些助益


第 1 阶段至关重要,因为建筑公司需要在该阶段制作出令人印象深刻的设计方案,让项目顺利落地。在预设计阶段,可以通过专业的建筑信息管理 (BIM) 软件精确绘图,来展示设计理念,帮助您改进设计方案。


Autodesk® AutoCAD® 可能是建筑、工程和施工 (AEC) 行业中使用最广泛的一款 BIM 软件。Autodesk 之所以受欢迎,是因为它紧跟最新技术,及时更新其特性和功能,例如跨设备兼容性和云存储。


在预设计阶段,您也可以通过 3D 建模给客户留下深刻印象,这时 SketchUp 软件或许可以派上用场。如果这还不够,您可以进一步改进 3D 模型,并使用 The Wild 将草图和 3D 模型转化为虚拟和增强现实 (VR/AR) 演示,真正为您的客户提供全面体验。


此外,您也可以借助高精度打印机确保协调构想和草图所需的内部印件不遗漏任何细节,做到精益求精。如果您的大幅面打印机 (LFP) 还是一款复合机,能够提供打印、扫描、复印和安全分享功能,就更是锦上添花了。

Stage 2: Schematic design


In the second stage, you and your architectural design team will begin to develop the design concept following the client’s vision. There will be a lot of sketches, drawings, and preliminary site plans, floor plans, and building elevations involved in this phase. This is where your client will first begin to see how the space will be planned out. Your team may also have to incorporate building systems such as heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) and plumbing into the schematic design which requires collaboration with other disciplines.


How technology can help


Software favourites such as Autodesk® AutoCAD®, SketchUp, and The Wild can help turn your architectural sketches and drawings to digital renders to help with efficient planning. With these BIM software, you’ll be able to see design elements you may not have been able to catch in hard copy. Another 3D software, Revit, can help you save time on design tasks that can be automated. It also supports multiple disciplines making it easier to collaborate with other AEC professionals involved in the project.


At this stage, you will be showing your client numerous printouts for them visualise the design progress at each revision stage. As such, you will need a plotter printer than can deliver high quality printouts and support fast print out speed, so you won’t have to worry about missing design details on print and deadlines due to slow printing especially during crucial stages of the project.

**第 3 阶段:设计开发
**在该阶段,您将开始审核建筑设计的具体细节。在设计开发阶段以方案设计阶段讨论的设计概念为基础,进一步增加更多的细节,纳入室内和外部装饰。在这一过程中,您将通过添加地板和壁纸类型,甚至灯具,为设计概念赋予物理形态。还将与项目涉及的各个部门开展大量协调工作,包括协助设计建筑基础结构的建筑工程师。


*技术可以带来哪些助益
*
值得信赖的 Autodesk® AutoCAD®The Wild 可以助您顺利度过建筑设计流程的这一阶段。但如果您想稍作更改,Archicad 是 AEC 行业中另一款广受欢迎的软件,您可以借助它完全进行 3D 设计,然后轻松将设计转换成 2D 文档,从而更高效地度过文档编制阶段。


由于这一阶段涉及到大量细节,因此也是引入 VR 软件的最佳时机。作为 The Wild 的一部分,IrisVR Prospect 是一款沉浸式设计审查和协作软件,提供了简便易用的 VR 演示,能让您的客户大开眼界,并让效果更接近他们的构想。


在项目的这一阶段需要进行大量协作,您需要与利益相关方反复分享文档,以便审核。这时,具有安全扫描功能,或者拥有云功能和安全共享功能,便于安全轻松地开展协作的打印机会大放异彩。

**第 4 阶段:施工开发
**
您的建筑设计将在该阶段转变为实物。设计方案将提交给相关机构获取各种许可证审批,获得批准后,就可以开始施工了。在该阶段,您需要制作两份详细图纸:施工图和许可申请图。施工图将用于整个施工流程的现场,许可申请图将送至当地审核机构。这些图纸能够展示出最终设计的每一个细节,可将所有设计元素传达给施工流程涉及的所有部门。


*技术可以带来哪些助益
*
在许可证审批过程中,需要准备大量的技术图纸、蓝图和详细的平面图。建筑师和景观设计师,结构、机械和电气工程师,卫生、工料测量师和其他专业人员之间需要开展大量合作。


Archicad、Autodesk® AutoCAD®The WildSketchUp 等软件拥有强大的功能,有助于不同部门之间开展密切协作,以改进工作流。比如说,借助 Archicad,您和您的工程师可以同时对模型进行修改以加快执行速度。


您将需要一台有助于开展密切协作的打印机。HP DesignJet T2600 复合机就很不错,您可以借助它通过安全的云平台打印、复印、扫描和分享文档。它是极为安全的 LFP,通过 HP Secure Boot 和 Whitelisting Control 提供一流网络保护,用户可以通过安全的用户身份验证访问打印机和存储在其中的机密文档。

Stage 5: Construction


In the final phase, you switch hats and take on a project management role where you make regular visits to the site to ensure that the design plan is being followed and the execution is going according to plan. Here, the contractor and their crew will lead the project until its completion.


How technology can help


If you’ve been using any of the software such as Autodesk® AutoCAD®, Revit, and SketchUp, it makes it easier to store all your documentation in one place in case you need to revisit or share anything with the other disciplines involved in the project.


Having a printer that can be with you all the way will be beneficial. And when we say ‘all the way’ we meant all the way to the site — with a compact and portable LFP, you can do just that. When looking for architectural software that can support your architectural design processes, opt for those that allow easy collaboration, have intuitive design, and will complement and add value to your presentations. Most of these software support cross platform integration making it easier to port data over from one software to another.


When it comes to hardware, there are many factors to consider so it’s always good to evaluate and your needs. For example, printers like the HP DesignJet T830 may be an award-winning printer having received numerous accolades such as Best Wide Format MFP for CAD 06 in the European Digital Press Awards and the Red Dot Design Award 2016 for its high design quality, but it’s second only to the HP DesignJet T1600 when it comes to speed. The latter, having the fastest print speed in the market of up to 180 D/A1 per hour.

建筑设计流程的每一步都需要准确且高质量的印件。

您可以通过惠普经全面整合的打印机硬件、软件、墨水和介质来实现。

HP DesignJet 打印机旨在打印出具有以下特点的印件:

✔ 精确打印纤细线条
✔ 颜色更鲜明,彩色区域填充之间的差别更明显
✔ 无论是细线条、粗线条还是彩色线条,都能始终如一地进行高品质打印
✔ 文本和其他字符清晰易读,所以您不会丢失任何细节


✔ 速度快、噪音小且易于操作

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